croatia01Nagodba was the result of a deal struck with the ruling Hungarian Empire in 1868. It allowed Croatia to regain its statehood, as a territory within the Empire retaining its own language and administration. Today nagodba is synonymous with defining a Croatian national identity.

Croatia has had a continuous history of statehood that can be traced back to the medieval Triune Kingdom of Croatia since 924.

"Croatia since its earliest times, has been a multicultural society…" Alex Bellamy, in The Formation of a Croatian National Identity.

Today Croatia has a population of 4.5 million, speaking five different languages; Istriot (only about 1,000 speakers), Italian (in fact Venetian - an obscure and particular form of Italian), Istro-Romanian (quite distinct from Istriot, and more like Romanian), and Croatian. Croatian has its own variations - Kaykavski, Chakavski, Shtokavski and Ijekavski; Ijekavski is the dialect spoken in the capital, Zagreb. The Dalmatian language - once spoken on the Dubrovnik coast - is now extinct.